European Archaeology Page 2 - Isle of Man through Wales

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Archaeology Lesson Plans

On this page - Isle of Man - Italy - Low Countries: Netherlands/Belgium/Luxembourg - Malta - Russia - Scandinavia/Greenland - Scotland - Wales

Isle of Man

Archaeology - Isle of Man Government Manx National Heritage __ "People have lived in the Isle of Man for at least 8,500 years and archaeology is the only source of evidence for most of that time."  A good look at Isle of Mann archaeology divided into era and topics. - illustrated - From Isle of Man Government -

Category:Archaeology of the Isle of Man __ A gallery of click-to-enlarge photos of artifacts from Isle of Mann. - From -

Welcome to Manx Archaeology __ A good collection of click-to-read articles and a list of resources. - From David J. Radcliffe -

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Archaeology Museums in Italy - Best Italian Archaeological Museums ... __ A descriptive list of some major Italian archaeology museums. - From -

BBC News | Europe | Ancient Rome Uncovered __ Read about a major new archaeological project in the center of ancient Rome. A find near the Coliseum triggered this international effort. You will also learn some of the rather sad state of Italian archaeology. You will find links to related material. - illustrated - From BBC -

Category:Archaeology of Italy __ List of articles related to archaeology in Italy found in Wikipedia. - From wikipedia -

The Corinth Computer Project __ "Founded by Julius Caesar in 44 B.C., the Roman colony of Corinth, Colonia Laus Iulia Corinthiensis was layed out virtually on top of the former Greek city that had been destroyed by the Roman consul Lucius Mummius in 146 B.C." - research reports - photos and other illustrations - From the University of Pennsylvania -

exhibit: Etruscans in Venice - etruscan archaeology at Palazzo Grassi: photos & images __ Annotated gallery of photos. - illustrated - From -

The Etruscan Archeological Museum of Chianciano Terme __ A good collection of Etruscan and Roman artifacts is to be found in Chianciano Terme. - illustrated - From -

Etruscan Tombs __ A general introduction to the Etruscans, Etruscan archaeology and a map of major Etruscan tombs. - illustrated - From - 

Firenze Romana, Italy __ "Prior to the founding of this Roman colony, the area had been inhabited by communities of Ligurians in the Neolithic Period, followed by groups known simply as "Italian Peoples" (c.10th century B.C.) who originated in the mountains of Tuscany and Emilia, ..."  An overview of the Roman occupation of Florence. - illustrated - From - 

FORI IMPERIALI __ A great website about excavation and research in the Roman Forum. Many articles, news and graphics. The section called "focus" provides details of specific items. - illustrated - From -

Italy - Culture History and Archaeology - Archaeology of Italy __ "Italy culture and history, including Italian archaeological sites and other information related to the ancient past of the modern country of Italy." - From -

Janiculum Mills, Italy __ "At the invitation of the American Academy in Rome, and with the kind permission of the Soprintendenza Archeologica di Roma, a 5-week excavation season was undertaken in June and July 1998 to investigate the Aqua Traiana and a large Roman water-mill complex in the Academy's parking lot, on the Janiculum Hill in Rome."  A good report, photos and more. - illustrated - From Dr Andrew Wilson -

The Looting of Italy __ Article about antiquities that Italy wants back. - From -

Mugello Valley / Poggio Colla  __ "The Italian site of Poggio Colla in Tuscany has been the focus of archaeological investigations by field schools at Southern Methodist University. Etruscan culture sites in the Mugello Valley have also been identified."  Information about the school, the research, publications and much more. - illustrated - From -

Necropolis of Pantalica __ "The Necropolis of Pantalica is a large necropolis in Sicily with over 5000 tombs dating from the 13th to the 7th centuries BC."  An encyclopedic article with links to related materials. - illustrated - From wikipedia - 

Pompeii Forum Project __ Documentation of the architecture and decoration of the Pompeii Forum. - photos and other illustrations -

Stones of Italy __ This website covers about a dozen standing stone, dolmen and burial sites in Italy. You will find good photos and texts. - From -

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Low Countries: Netherlands/Belgium/Luxembourg 

First farmers in the Netherlands __ "Our culture comes from the eastern part of Europe, near the Black Sea. Therefore we are a real "Danube-culture". This webpage is actually part of an online book which you may wish to explore. It is quite interesting. -

Landlocked Shipwrecks __ About the landlocked shipwrecks of the Netherlands and how they got there - From BBC -

Linear ceramics in the Netherlands, 5300 B.C.- 4900 B.C. __ Learn about "linear pottery culture" and how it works. "Everything you always wanted to know about Dutch prehistoric life between 5500 - 4900 B.C." Well, that's what it says? Many articles. - illustrated - From personal historian's website -

The Netherlands in Prehistory __ A great overview of the Bronze Age in the Netherlands. Lots of detailed information in a series of reports. English or Dutch - illustrated - From personal historian's website -

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Archaeological Society, Malta __ "The Society (voluntary society number VO/0195) is concerned with all matters pertaining to archaeology. One of its principal objectives is to promote and enhance the study of archaeology at all levels."  Learn about the organization, goals and accomplishments. - illustrated - From - 

Celebrating an Island Heritage __ "For English archaeologist John Evans, who excavated prehistoric Maltese sites during the late 1940s and 1950s, the Mediterranean islands were "laboratories for the study of culture processes." Learn more about the history of archaeological research in Malta in this brief article. - one photo - From Archaeological Institute of America -

Exploring the Maltese Prehistoric Temple Culture __ reports from a multi-disciplinary conference to examine the mysterious "Temple People" and associations with later Mediterranean cultures. - illustrated - From EMPTC Conference -

Hal Saflieni Hypogeum (1950-80) __ Learn about a burial chamber holding 7,000 people, used from 3600-2500 BC. - illustrated - From -

Malta - Archaeology and Prehistory __ A good introduction to prehistoric Malta and overview of the archaeological research. - illustrated - From Unknown -    

Malta - Cart Ruts __ "An account of Malta's mysterious cart-ruts, 'parallel channels' that are 'cut in rock,' and some of the work that has been done in surveying them." - illustrated -

Malta History and Archaeology __ "The islands of Malta are a rich tapestry of archaeological and historical treasures. They contain some of the greatest structures of prehistory as well as the stunning Medieval fortress city of Valetta."  A wide ranging website covering all of this. - illustrated - From -

The Malta National Museum of Archaeology __ You will find a great introduction to the museum, virtual tours, collections, goals and more. - illustrated - From -

Malta: Temples, Monuments, and Goddesses... __ "Learn about the oldest civilization in the Mediterranean and the amazing monuments it left." - photos - From the OYS Foundation -

Malta Temples and The OTS Foundation __ "Introducing new information about the ancient Mediterranean and remarkable prehistoric buildings" - illustrated - From -

Maltese Archaeology - Archaeology of Malta __ "Archaeological sites and other resources for the modern country of Malta."  A collection of resources and links about archaeology in Malta. - From - 

Megalithic Temples of Malta __ About the Megalithic Temples of Malta; they are the "oldest free standing stone structures of the world." - photos and other illustrations -

Prehistoric Archaeology of Malta - Hagar Qim and Mnajdra Temple __ An overview of these temples plus access to a lot of other information about Malta. - illustrated - From -

Prehistoric Temples Of Malta __ "The prehistoric temples of Malta are unique in all the world. They are the oldest standing stone structures which remain to us from ancient times. The temples date from 4000 - 2500 BC. They are older than Stonehenge, older than the Pyramids."  You will find a good overview of these structures. - illustrated - From - 

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Archeological Dig in the Moscow Kremlin __ A very brief article and a goods photo essay. - illustrated - From -

Archaeological Sites in Russia __ "What you need to know about the most important archaeological sites found in the modern day country of Russia." - From -

Archaeology of the Hsiung-nu in Russia __ "The Hsiung-nu (Huns of Asia ) headed a powerful alliance of cattle-breeding tribes in the late 3rd - the early 2nd century B.C. and dominated in the eastern part of Central Asia during two centuries,..."  A detailed look at the archaeological research. - From -

Athena Review 1,3: Russian Archaeology __ "Excavations in Moscow are changing the way history thinks about medieval Russia." - photo - From Athena Review -

The Khazar Fortress of Sarkel __ "Of all of the excavated Khazarian cities, the one which provided the richest material remains was Sarkel, which was flooded in 1952 upon the completion of the new Tsimlyansky Reservoir. Archaeological work at the Sarkel site was never fully completed, and it is not possible to conduct further studies." But a lot had been discovered before the work stopped. There is a lot of material to cover. - illustrated - By Kevin Brook -

The Khazaria Info Center - Khazars, Khazar,... __ About the 10th century civilization known as the Khazars. "The Khazars had built a Jewish empire in the heart of the Black Sea region." - photos - By the Kazar Information Center -

Maritime Archaeology in Russia __ "The first underwater archaeological works in Russia started in the beginning of our century. In this time an ancient harbour was investigated at Feodosia, at the Black Sea, as well as a post-medieval boat in the northern part of Chudskoe Lake. But those were only the first experiences from land archaeologists in a water environment." You will find a discussion of the problems and history of underwater archaeology in the Black Sea, from Peter Sorokin of the Russian Academy of Science. - From Petr Sorokin -

Rock Art in Russia Far East and Siberia __ "There are about half a million of petroglyphs known in Siberia and the Far East of Russia. Mobody knows up to now how many are still to be discovered."  You will find a good overview of the topic. - illustrated - From -

Russian Archaeological Digs __ Information about a couple of Russian digs along with information on how to participate. - illustrated - From -

Russian archaeologists find long-lost Jewish capital - ABC News __ "Russian archaeologists say they have found the long-lost capital of the Khazar kingdom in southern Russia, a breakthrough for research on the ancient Jewish state."  A news article. - From -   

Russian archaeology __ A very brief encyclopedic article with links to related materials. - illustrated - From wikipedia -

Russian dig among Top-10 archaeology discoveries of the year __ A news story.  "Archaeology, a leading US-based scientific journal on the subject, listed the discovery of the palace of King Mithradates VI, a legendary foe of Rome, in Southern Russia among the 10 most important findings of the year." - illustrated - From -

Scythian Gold From Siberia Said to Predate the Greeks __ "Russian scholars from the State Hermitage Museum have concluded that a discovery of Scythian gold in a Siberian grave last summer is the earliest of its kind ever found and that it predates Greek influence."  An article about the find. - From -

Warrior Women of Eurasia __ "The warrior women known to ancient Greek authors as Amazons were long thought to be creatures of myth. Now 50 ancient burial mounds near the town of Pokrovka, Russia, near the Kazakhstan border, have yielded skeletons of women buried with weapons, ..."  Do legends of the Amazons have any basis in fact?  You may find out here. - From -

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Akurvik (Iceland) __ Learn about the archaeological research at an early medieval fishing station in north Iceland. - illustrated - From -

Archaeologists celebrate ancient Scandinavian settlement find ... __ "An important new find by a team of Swedish archaeologists indicates that the Finland-Sweden border area around the Torne River Valley was inhabited up to 11,000 years ago."  A news article. - From -

Archaeology of Greenland __ An introductory article along with links to additional resources. - From -

Archaeoastronomy in Denmark __ "Danish historians do not yet accept astronomical explanations to prehistoric findings; instead, they prefer other interpretations. In other countries the subject is more accepted . In England the subject was taken seriously after the interpretation of Stonehenge as a Sun-Moon observatory (Hawkins, 1963). Since then several stonemonuments have been explained in a similar way." Learn about what is taking place in Denmark in archaeoastronomy in this brief overview. - From Erling Poulsen -

Category:Archaeology of Greenland __ List of articles related to Greenland archaeology found in Wikipedia - From wikipedia -

Category:Scandinavian archaeology __ List of articles related to Scandinavian archaeology found in Wikipedia -

Archaeology in Europe - Early Scandinavian Prehistory __ Begin with this page starting at 2500 BCE and progress through the Iron Age and more. - From - 

The Fate of Greenland's Vikings __ "Some people call it the Farm under the Sand, others Greenland's Pompeii. Dating to the mid-fourteenth century, it was once the site of a Viking colony founded along the island's grassy southwestern coast that stretches in a fjord-indented ribbon between the glaciers and the sea."  An article revealing just what the excavations found. - illustrated - From -

Iceland's Unwritten Saga __ "Even when the weather is clear, gusts of wind lash the hillsides overlooking the Viking-age farm at Hrísheimar leaving the land raw and strewn with pebbles."  Article about the archaeological research and results. - illustrated - From - 

The Mosfell Archaeological Project __ A project dealing with the era of the Vikings in Iceland. You will find several reports including participants, history, archaeological research and more. An overall good read. - illustrated - From UCLA -

Rune Stones - Scandinavian Archaeology - Anthropology - Artifacts ... __ "The rune stone collection at the Milwaukee Public museum is comprised of ten replica rune stones. The replicas are smaller reproductions of large rune stones found in Scandinavia."  Article and images of the stones. - From - 

Scandinavian Archaeology - Anthropology - Artifacts - Collections ... __ "The Scandinavian archaeology collection at the Milwaukee Public Museum is predominantly from Denmark."  Learn about the region and the collection. - illustrated - From -

Scandinavian Canadian Studies: Archaeology in Iceland __ "The recent archaeological emphasis on the study of settlement patterns, landscape and palaeoenvironments has shaped and re-shaped our understanding of the Viking settlement of Iceland. This paper reviews the developments in Icelandic archaeology..." - From Halstad McGuire -

Some links to Swedish archaeology __ Good list of resources including institutions, web sites, articles and more. - From Magnus Reuterdahl -

The Struggle for Theoretical Correctness in Swedish Archaeology... __ Paper about post-modernism philosophy and its effects on Swedish archaeology - From "The European Archaeologist" - 

Unique Pentagonal Temple __ About an unusual Iron Age temple found in Sweden - photo - From the Archaeological Institute of America -

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Ancient Scotland __ Visit, view, and learn about the archaeological sites of Scotland from prehistoric through the Roman era. - photos - From Martin McCarthy -

Ancient Scotland Tour __ Travelling Through Prehistory - A tour of the stone monument archaeological sites of ancient Scotland - photos and other illustrations -

Dunragit Excavation 1999 __ Homepage for the University of Southampton excavations at Dunragit, Scotland in 1999 - photos - By the University of Southampton -

Orkneyjar - The Heritage of the Orkney Islands __ This website is stunning. The amount of archaeological information is enormous even though the website is about the Orkney Islands in general - photos and other illustrations -

The Tarbat Discovery Programme __ About the excavation of St Colman's Church and other archaeological research at Pictish, Norse, and medieval sites in the area - photos - From the University of York -

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Abbey Cwmhir, Radnorshire __ "Recent reconsolidation work on the remains of the 12th-century Cistercian abbey at Abbeycwmhir in northern Radnorshire (SO05557110) has revealed further detail regarding the plan and construction of the building. A detailed stone-for-stone survey of the surviving wall facing was undertaken by the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust in 1988 with a small Community Programme team. The survey has now been repeated following the reconsolidation, with funding by Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments. " This is an overview of the findings where you will find information ranging from the survey to building methods. - illustrated - From Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust -

Neolithic & Bronze Age Wales __ Covering many of the constructions and the history of Wales during the Neolithic and Bronze Ages - photos - several language options -

Stones of Wales __ This website covers about a dozen standing stone, dolmen and burial sites in Wales. You will find good photos and texts. - From -


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