Cultural Landscapes

Reviewed Resources for Students and Teachers


Gardening, Wildflowers, Garden History, Landscape Anthropology 

Cultural Landscapes - European Wildflowers - Floral Festivals / Flower Shows - Fruit & Vegetable Gardening - Gardening History - Gardening Magazines and Publications General Resources - Growing African Violets - Growing Annuals - Growing Apple Trees - Growing Avocado Trees - Growing Bananas - Growing Begonias - Growing Calla Lilies - Growing Canna Lilies - Growing Cherry Trees - Growing Chrysanthemums - Growing Citrus FruitsGrowing Dahlias - Growing Daylilies - Growing Geraniums / Pelargonium - Growing Hostas - Growing Houseplants - Growing Hydrangeas - Growing Iris - Growing Orchids - Growing Ornamental Grasses - Growing Palm Trees - Growing Peach Trees - Growing Perennials - Growing Peonies - Growing Roses - Growing Shade Trees - Growing Strawberries - Growing Sunflowers - Growing Sweet Corn - Growing Tomatoes - Growing Tropical or Hardy Hibiscus - Growing Water Lilies / Lotus - North American Gardening - North American Wildflowers - Kids Gardening - Organic Gardening - Rhododendron & Azalea Gardening - Tree & Yard Care  



Australian Alps national parks: Cultural landscape management __ Here are guidelines for identifying, assessing and managing cultural landscapes in the Australian Alps national parks - From -


Central Park __ You will find a history and overview of this important cultural landscape. - From - 


Changing Neolithic Landscapes at Brzesc Kujawski, Poland __ "The study of ancient landscapes in Europe has generally involved the reconstruction of the prehistoric vegetation of a particular region (e.g. Birks et al. 1988), leading to a general equation of landscape with vegetation." You will find a detailed article about this region in Poland. - From Princeton University -


Cultural Landscape __ "In the USA, there are four general types of cultural landscapes, not mutually exclusive: historic sites, historic designed landscapes, historic vernacular landscapes, and ethnographic landscapes." You will find an encyclopedic article with links to related materials. - From Wikipedia - 



The Cultural Landscape Foundation __ Learn about this organization, their goals and activities. Find out what a "cultural landscape" really is. "A cultural landscape is a geographic area that includes cultural resources and natural resources associated with a historic event, activity, or person. Sometimes cultural landscapes are the result of one person or group of people acting upon the land. Other times they are the result of an idea one person or a group had and then created at that time. Cultural landscapes can range from thousands of acres of rural lands to a small homestead with a front yard of less than one acre. They include grand estates, farmland, public gardens and parks, college campuses, cemeteries, scenic highways and even industrial sites." - illustrated - From the Cultural Landscape Foundation -
Cultural Landscape Legacies, Inc.__ "Educate, protect, and preserve the cultural heritage of those who left their legacy on the landscape of the Upper Midwest." Information about the organization and its activities. - illustrated - From - 


Cultural Landscapes __ A good overview of cultural landscapes in California's state parks. - illustrated - From -


Cultural Landscapes: An approach to Heritage Management in India __ You will find a lengthy paper on the topic. - From - 

Cultural Landscapes Home Page __ Searchable database of world wide cultural landscapes from the Library of Congress. - illustrated - From Library of Congress -


Cultural Landscapes from Around the World __ Click-to-view galleries of pictures covering many aspects of cultural geography. - illustrated - From Dr. Dale Lightfoot -


Cultural Landscapes - National Capital Commission __ "It is not only buildings that link us to our past. The landscape — especially in a country as immense as Canada — also plays its part in human history. Geographers at the beginning of the 20th century started using the concept of a “cultural landscape.”   Learn what has happened since and find out what is in the works now in Canada. - From - 



Cultural landscapes - Regional Identities and Sustainable Husbandry in Highland Ecosystems __ "Some scientists say that the traditional forms of living and husbandry in the mountainous regions in Austria are at end. Furthermore, and as a consequence our traditional cultural landscapes are endangered due to the new and lower product prices. In Austria, compensatory income has reached a level of 70 % of the total income. To verify the situation, seven typical regions were chosen for a field study." Read about the results of these studies. - From The Macaulay Institute -


Japanese Cultural Landscapes __ "Japanese cultural landscapes are documented, described, and explained through extensive use of photographs and other imagery."  Jam-packed with information. - illustrated - From -


The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape __ "Between the 17th and 20th centuries, the ruling dukes of Liechtenstein transformed their domains in southern Moravia into a striking landscape. It married Baroque architecture (mainly the work of Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach) and the classical and neo-Gothic style of the castles of Lednice and Valtice with countryside fashioned according to English romantic principles of landscape architecture. At 200 sq. km, it is one of the largest artificial landscapes in Europe." - illustrated - From UNESCO -

The Maritime Cultural Landscape __ "The archaeological concept combining sea and land would be the maritime cultural landscape. It means that the starting point for the subject of maritime archaeology is maritime culture." A good overview. - From Christer Westerdahl -



The Neolithic Mosaic on the North European Plain __ "The introduction of agriculture and the successful establishment of farming communities on the lowlands of north-central Europe between 5000 and 3500 B.C. (recalibrated dating) marked one of the most significant transformations of prehistoric society in this region." You will find a detailed paper. - From Princeton University -


Parks Canada - An Approach to Aboriginal Cultural Landscapes __ You will find an overview of Canadian action on the cultural landscapes of its First Nation populations. - illustrated - From Parks Canada -


Preservation Brief 36: Protecting Cultural Landscapes __ "Cultural landscapes can range from thousands of acres of rural tracts of land to a small homestead with a front yard of less than one acre. Like historic buildings and districts, these special places reveal aspects of our country's origins and development through their form and features and the ways they were used. "  A look at ways of preserving this important resource. - illustrated - From National Park Service -


Report on the Vienna Meeting on European Cultural Landscapes __ "Information Document: Report of the Expert Meeting on European Cultural Landscapes of Outstanding Universal Value - Vienna, Austria, 21 April 1996 " - From -

Vatican Exhibit Rome Reborn __ "Rome now is one of the grandest cities in the world. Millions of pilgrims and tourists come every year to admire, and be awed by, its treasures of architecture, art, and history. But is was not always this way. By the fourteenth century, the great ancient city had dwindled to a miserable village. Perhaps 20,000 people clung to the ruins despite the ravages of disease and robber barons. Popes and cardinals had fled to Avignon in southern France. Rome was dwarfed in wealth and power by the great commercial cities and territorial states farther north, from Florence to Venice." Learn what happened next. - From -



Virtual Landscape Gallery __ You will find major European gardens and their components; some interpretive text; searchable database on influence, plant type, geographic location, etc. - illustrated - from -


What are Cultural Landscapes? __ "...Provide a sense of place and identity; they map our relationship with the land over time; and they are part of our national heritage and each of our lives."  An excellent general overview of what cultural landscapes are. - illustrated - From -


World Cultural Landscape Heritage Sites of China __ An overview of a couple of cultural landscape sites in China with description and images. - illustrated - From - 


World Heritage Centre - Cultural Landscape __ "There exist a great variety of Landscapes that are representative of the different regions of the world. Combined works of nature and humankind, they express a long and intimate relationship between peoples and their natural environment."  An overview of what cultural landscapes are as well as a long list of examples with links leading to additional detail. - illustrated - From - 


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